Nuclear Power Plant – Understanding how it works / (3D animation)

Nuclear Power Plant – Understanding how it works / (3D animation)

Nuclear Power Plant – Understanding how it works will try to simplify and get closer nuclear power plant how it works to viewers
I have tried to explain how nuclear energy generated in nuclear reactor with 3D and 2D animation.
http://www.chrvojeengineering.com/post_type=emd_video&p=302&preview=true

TOPICS COVERED IN THIS VIDEO
0:08 Nuclear power plant
0:34 Site selection
1:13 Parts of the nuclear power plant
2:34 Introduction about nuclear reactor and turbine
3:29 Principles of operation
4:46 How to control fission of uranium – 235
5:14 Nuclear reactor
5:49 Reactor Core
6:16 Pressure vessel
7:08 Fuel
9:08 Coolant and Moderators
10:13 Reflector
11:00 Control rods
12:53 Types of reactors
13:44 Working principles of nuclear reactor
15:37 Controlling reactor with control rods
16:63 Nuclear waste disposal

A nuclear power plant (nuclear power station) looks like a standard thermal power station with one exception. The heat source in the nuclear power plant is a nuclear reactor. As is typical in all conventional thermal power stations the heat is used to generate steam which drives a steam turbine connected to a generator which produces electricity.

Many reactors rely on proximity to the coast to draw sea water used to cool the condenser. And the plant shouldn’t be located too far from end-users, since much electricity is lost in long-distance transports.
New reactors have not been built for many years. This increases the risks in terms of failing to meet time schedules and potentially increasing the cost. This uncertainty, though, is being gradually reduced as new plants are built.

Main parts of nuclear power plant

As you can see the nuclear power plant consist of two main buildings:

• Containment building (houses Nuclear Reactor)
• Turbine building (houses Turbo Generator)

The containment building is the key building of the nuclear island. It is an air-tight building, which houses a nuclear reactor and its pressurizer, reactor coolant pumps, steam generators, and other equipment or piping that might otherwise release fission products to the atmosphere in the event of an accident. Such buildings are usually made of steel-reinforced concrete.
The turbine building is the key building of the conventional (turbine) island. The turbine building houses a turbine, generator, condenser and other equipment, which is used for conversion thermal energy from pressurized steam to mechanical work used for drive the generator.
Also a cooling tower can be part of the nuclear power plant, but it is not necessary. Many nuclear power plants (coastal nuclear power plants) do not cool the cooling water via cooling towers.

Nuclear reactors operate on the principle of nuclear fission, the process in which a heavy atomic nucleus splits into two smaller fragments. The nuclear fragments are in very excited states and emit neutrons, other subatomic particles, and photons. The emitted neutrons may then cause new fissions, which in turn yield more neutrons, and so forth. Such a continuous self-sustaining series of fissions constitutes a fission chain reaction. A large amount of energy is released in this process, and this energy is the basis of nuclear power systems.

How to control fission of uranium – 235

Slow neutrons strike nuclei of uranium-235, causing the nuclei to fission, or split, and release fast neutrons. The fast neutrons are absorbed or slowed by the nuclei of a graphite moderator (control rodes), which allows just enough slow neutrons to continue the fission chain reaction at a constant rate.

There are a large number of ways in which a nuclear reactor may be designed and constructed; many types have been experimentally realized. Over the years, nuclear engineers have developed reactors with solid and liquid fuels, thick- and no-reflectors, forced cooling circuits and natural conduction or convection heat-removal systems, and so on. Most reactors, however, have certain basic components.

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Create: Hrvoje Čočić
Category: Education
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35 Comments

  1. Tech Teacher Nafi on October 31, 2021 at 8:57 am

    Can I use this video clip?



  2. Adityan Maurya on October 31, 2021 at 8:57 am

    Nuclear Power plant working model in Hindi- https://youtu.be/g-xfLwUXEbw



  3. ভালোবাসার আলো on October 31, 2021 at 8:59 am

    #nice



  4. kaxis26 on October 31, 2021 at 9:00 am

    I stopped watching because the music was too loud and just drowning out the mono tone voice.



  5. Mc Pinball 1 on October 31, 2021 at 9:00 am

    Great Video !+)
    Like The Music Too
    !+)



  6. Nishad Ahmed on October 31, 2021 at 9:04 am

    Great…
    Thanks bro…



  7. Absolute Zero on October 31, 2021 at 9:05 am

    The content is great and super informative, thank you for your efforts. If there is anything I could reccomend it’d be for you to consider a human voice and perhaps a lower music volume for any future videos you make. Thanks again!



  8. Alt right pepe milkman on October 31, 2021 at 9:07 am

    Robotic voices piss me off



  9. Pete Nikolic on October 31, 2021 at 9:09 am

    WHY is the STEAM coming out of the COOLING towers being shown black instead of the harmless white MOISTURE that it actually IS and that bloody stupid false voiceover needs scrapping and a PERSON put it its place



  10. Ankita Kashyap on October 31, 2021 at 9:10 am

    It’s all that I need! Thankyou for uploading this. It helped me a lot!



  11. D Israel on October 31, 2021 at 9:15 am

    Like just for the hq captions



  12. Nandha Kumar on October 31, 2021 at 9:15 am

    TOPICS COVERED IN THIS VIDEO

    0:08 Nuclear power plant
    0:34 Site selection
    1:13 Parts of the nuclear power plant
    2:34 Introduction about nuclear reactor and turbine
    3:29 Principles of operation
    4:46 How to control fission of uranium – 235
    5:14 Nuclear reactor
    5:49 Reactor Core
    6:16 Pressure vessel
    7:08 Fuel
    9:08 Coolant and Moderators
    10:13 Reflector
    11:00 Control rods
    12:53 Types of reactors
    13:44 Working principles of nuclear reactor
    15:37 Controlling reactor with control rods
    16:63 Nuclear waste disposal



  13. MR. Vister on October 31, 2021 at 9:16 am

    Very very very slow even than a snail



  14. Ο ΕΓΓΟΝΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΠΥΘΑΓΟΡΑ on October 31, 2021 at 9:19 am

    ΠΟΣΟ ΜΑΛΑΚΑΣ ΕΙΣΑΙ;



  15. Hiral Khachar on October 31, 2021 at 9:19 am

    Nice bro



  16. Kaiter Enless on October 31, 2021 at 9:23 am

    Great video.



  17. Shamek allen on October 31, 2021 at 9:25 am

    Great video but the music playing in the background is annoying



  18. M. Riza E on October 31, 2021 at 9:26 am

    Lame ass automated voice over.



  19. Rekha Pusatkar on October 31, 2021 at 9:29 am

    Voice in ur video is not satisfactory…. Plz change it..
    .



  20. Peter & Pete on October 31, 2021 at 9:30 am

    An unclear reactor works by bombarding the fuel rods with neutrons generated by a neutron howitzer, the fuel rods act like a resistor against the neutrons generating heat, very similar to an element in a kettle. The neutrons generated in the howitzer are produced from high voltage accelerated through a partical accelerator. The high voltage is stepped up from the output power of the plant. Nuclear fission is an unclear way to explain how a nuclear reactor works imo.



  21. ComputerWhiz on October 31, 2021 at 9:32 am

    It’s actually not a bad video, but it would be 100000000 times better if there was an actual voiceover.



  22. Daniel Kyalo on October 31, 2021 at 9:38 am

    You provided a wealth of information. Though the voice was very flat, no variation of tone and slow. The background music was also a bad idea. I would like to see you doing more videos in the future.



  23. Net Idea on October 31, 2021 at 9:38 am

    hello can i use this animation on my own channel?



  24. rouda aldhaheri on October 31, 2021 at 9:40 am

    this video make me sleep



  25. ruturaj arale on October 31, 2021 at 9:42 am

    How do you create animation and videos.which software do you use please tell..Or make the video on it..



  26. Antony Chitsa on October 31, 2021 at 9:44 am

    Your video is great! I really got so much from it. Thank you, and keep up the great work



  27. Checkers Vaumora on October 31, 2021 at 9:45 am

    Lol I only know how an RBMK reactor works (because chernobyl)



  28. Bien Mark on October 31, 2021 at 9:46 am

    your animation is very great. good job buddy



  29. Don Larsen Jr on October 31, 2021 at 9:48 am

    unwatchable with robo voice and music



  30. Glaven Maven on October 31, 2021 at 9:49 am

    Urgh! I hate these fake voiceovers.



  31. Mayor Max on October 31, 2021 at 9:49 am

    We like this



  32. SELIM AHMED on October 31, 2021 at 9:50 am

    THERE SHOULD NOT BE MUSIC IN BACKGROUND



  33. Zahid Akram Bhat on October 31, 2021 at 9:51 am

    Thank you it’s all I need



  34. Basil K Thomas on October 31, 2021 at 9:51 am

    Is there anyone wanted to know about nuclear energy and its future I just visit

    https://techmedia2772.blogspot.com/2019/01/nuclear-energy-and-its-future-impact.html?m=1



  35. MisceryYT on October 31, 2021 at 9:52 am

    Why are u using graphite you can use water